Stainless Steel Pickling and Passivation

Stainless Steel Cleaning, Pickling and Passivation


WestChem has developed a specific process with specific chemistry to provide the ideal treatment for stainless steel products. The process can be applied to whether the stainless steel is being painted or unpainted.

stainless-steel-sheets-300x300The Nature of Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is essentially an iron alloy that is composed of at least 10.5% chromium  and less than 1.2% carbon. The chromium properties provide stainless steel with superior corrosion resistance.

The main requirement for stainless steels is that they should be Stainless-Steel1-300x223corrosion resistant for a specified application or environment. The selection of a particular “type” and “grade” of stainless steel must initially meet the corrosion resistance requirements. Additional mechanical or physical properties may also need to be considered to achieve the overall service performance requirements.

Cleaning Products

Prepares the substrate by removing rust, grease, oils and other foreign deposits.  The cleaning phase will brighten up the surface of the stainless steel. Degreasing the substrate is essential for proper pickling and uniform formation of the passive layer.

WestKleen SS 240
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An acid based cleaner with a strong surfactant packages This product works to remove oil, grease, smut and other inorganic contaminates. This product prepares the substrate for pickling.

WestKleen SS 200
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A powerful foaming alkaline cleaner used to remove oil, grease and unwanted soils. Achieves a water break free surface quickly to ensure the substrate is clean and ready for pickling. The foaming action allows the chemical to stay on the part longer, especially on vertical surfaces.

 

Pickling Products

Pickling removes the passive layer in addition to a small amount of metal from the surface of the stainless steel.  After pickling, they surface of the stainless will start to oxidize when exposed to oxygen in the air. It is this critical process that restores the corrosion resistance of the stainless steel.

WestKleen SS 500L
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Our stongest pickling agent that is iused when maxiumim corrosion resistance is needed. This product removes free iron contamination, the passive layer, and exposes the bare substrate. Exposing the substrate is essential to developing a thick and uniform passivation layer, giving your stainless maximum corrosion resistance.

WestGel SS 500
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All the properties of the WestKleen SS 500L but thickened to provide cling on welds and vertical surfaces.

Passivation Products

Although this process occurs natually on the surface of stainless steel, it is often useful to accelerate and assist in the development of the passivation layer. Passivation occurs when chromium oxidizes with the oxygen in the air to form a corrosion resistant passivation layer. This process can be accelerated and assisted with a passivation product, ensuring the development of a uniform and thick passive layer.

WestInhib 26
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Works by oxidizing any remaining free iron on the surface after the cleaning and pickling stage. The use of this product ensures that there is no brown staining or flash clouds after the pickling process.